BLOCK, HERBERT LAWRENCE


BLOCK, HERBERT LAWRENCE
BLOCK, HERBERT LAWRENCE (Herblock; 1909–2001), U.S. editorial cartoonist. Born in Chicago, Block started to draw when he was quite young and won a scholarship to the Chicago Art Institute at 12. His critical eye and rapier pen made him one of the leading journalists of his time. In 1929 Block dropped out of Lake Forest College after two years to work for The Chicago Daily News. His cartoons were syndicated almost from the start. In 1933 he joined the Newspaper Enterprise Association, where he won his first Pulitzer Prize in 1942. The following year he joined the army, which employed his talent for cartooning in its Information and Education Division. He was mustered out as a sergeant in 1946 and joined The Washington Post, where his woodcut-like strokes and pungent, succinct captions chronicled and skewered national and world leaders for decades. Block coined the term "McCarthyism" for the prosecutorial Communist-hunting tactics of Senator Joseph R. McCarthy of Wisconsin, whom he depicted emerging from a sewer with a thug-like heavy beard. It was said that McCarthy shaved twice a day to avoid resembling the caricature. He began drawing Richard M. Nixon the same way in 1948, and Nixon, too, shaved twice a day. Block was unperturbed, saying both men had a "moral 5 o'clock shadow." Sometimes Nixon appeared as a vulture, other times as an undertaker, always as a man ready to benefit from the failure of others. When Nixon was elected president, a Herblock cartoon showed him with a clean shave, but as the administration became mired in Watergate, Nixon's eyebrows grew heavier and his wattles fleshier. Nixon, like Dwight D. Eisenhower before him, canceled the delivery of The Washington Post to his home when his children were young, because, he said, "I didn't want the girls to be upset." Block's second Pulitzer Prize was awarded in 1954 for a drawing of Stalin, who was being accompanied to his grave by the robed figure of death. "You were always a great friend of mine, Joseph," the caption said. In addition to his work as a cartoonist, for which he won another Pulitzer Prize in 1979, Block wrote 12 books in his customary punchy style. "The Soviet state builds bodies," he wrote typically in one of them. "Mounds of them." He continued contributing cartoons to the Post until three months before his death when he was 92. In addition to three Pulitzers and a fourth he shared with The Post for its coverage of Watergate, Herblock received several honorary degrees and won dozens of journalism prizes. In 1966 he was selected to design the postage stamp commemorating the 175th anniversary of the Bill of Rights. President Bill Clinton, who was often at the end of Herblock's sharp quill, in 1994 awarded him the nation's highest civilian honor, the Presidential Medal of Freedom. In 2000 the Library of Congress mounted a retrospective of Herblock's work. The Washington Post so valued Herblock that they referred to his contribution to the editorial page as a signed editorial opinion and not a cartoon. (Stewart Kampel (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Block,Herbert Lawrence — Block (blŏk), Herbert Lawrence. Known as Her·block (hûrʹblŏk) Born 1909. American editorial cartoonist whose witty works have appeared in the Washington Post and more than 200 other papers nationwide. He won a Pulitzer Prize in 1942 and in 1954.… …   Universalium

  • Herbert Lawrence Block — (Pseudonym Herblock) (* 13. Oktober 1909 in Chicago; † 7. Oktober 2001 in Washington, D.C.), war ein US amerikanischer politischer Karikaturist, der über 50 Jahre für die Washington Post arbeitete. Der dreifache Pulitzer Preisträger für editorial …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lawrence — Lawrence, David Herbert Lawrence, Ernest Orlando Lawrence, Thomas Edward ► C. del NE de E.U.A., en el estado de Massachusetts; 66 915 h (área metropolitana Lawrence Haverhill, 200 280 h). * * * (as used in expressions) Lawrence Cecil Adler Alma… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Block (Familienname) — Block ist ein Familienname. Neben allgemeiner Bedeutung aus dem Deutschen kommt auch eine Herkunft zum jüdischen Namen Bloch in Frage, und leitet sich dann über polnisch von „Welsche“ ab. Bekannte Namensträger Achim Block (* 1932), deutscher… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Herbert — Herbert, George * * * (as used in expressions) Asquith, H(erbert) H(enry), 1 conde de Oxford y Asquith Best, Charles H(erbert) Bradley, F(rancis) H(erbert) Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm Bush, George (Herbert Walker) Dillinger, John (Herbert) Dow,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lawrence — /lawr euhns, lor /, n. 1. D(avid) H(erbert), 1885 1930, English novelist. 2. Ernest O(rlando), 1901 58, U.S. physicist: inventor of the cyclotron; Nobel prize 1939. 3. Gertrude, 1901? 52, English actress. 4. Jacob, born 1917, U.S. painter and… …   Universalium

  • Block — /blok/, n. Herbert Lawrence ( Herblock ), born 1909, U.S. cartoonist. * * * (as used in expressions) Herbert Lawrence Block block and tackle Block Island block mill * * * …   Universalium

  • Herbert — /herr beuhrt/, n. 1. Frank, 1920 86, U.S. science fiction writer. 2. George, 1593 1633, English clergyman and poet. 3. Victor, 1859 1924, U.S. composer and orchestra conductor, born in Ireland. 4. a male given name: from Old English words meaning …   Universalium

  • block — blockable, adj. /blok/, n. 1. a solid mass of wood, stone, etc., usually with one or more flat or approximately flat faces. 2. a hollow masonry building unit of cement, terra cotta, etc.: a wall made of concrete blocks. 3. one of a set of cube… …   Universalium

  • Block — (as used in expressions) Block Island block mill, sistema Herbert Lawrence Block …   Enciclopedia Universal


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